IAS

IAS The Indian Administrative Service  (  For query & admission - 9815429085 )

The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) (Hindi: भारतीय प्रशासनिक सेवा) is the All India administrative civil service. IAS officers hold key and strategic positions in the Union Government, States  governments  and public-sector undertakings. Like in various countries (for example UK) following a Parliamentary system, IAS as the permanent bureaucracy in India forms an inseparable part of the executive branch of the Government of India, thus providing continuity and neutrality to the administration.

Along with the Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service, the IAS is one of the three All India Services — its cadre can be employed by both the Union Government and the individual States.

Upon confirming to service after probation as Sub-Divisional Magistrate, an IAS officer is given administrative command of entire district administration in the district as District collector after four years of service. On attaining the upper levels of Super Time Scale to Apex Scale, they can go on to head whole departments and subsequently entire Ministries of Governments of India and its states. IAS officers represent Government of India at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. On deputations they work at Intergovernmental organisations like World Bank and United Nations or its Agencies. IAS officers at various levels of administration play vital roles in conducting free, fair and smooth elections in India under the direction of Election Commission of India and states.

Recruitment

IAS officers are recruited from Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.  They are also promoted from State Civil Services and selected from non-state civil service. Unlike candidates selected for other civil services, a person once appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or Indian Foreign Service (IFS ) becomes ineligible to reappear in Civil Services Examination, because, prior to 1979 a person to be eligible for IAS/IFS had to appear for additional papers but even after the UPSC civil services exam was made common, the status quo was maintained.

After getting selected, candidates undergo training at LBSNAA, Mussoorie for IAS.

Functions of the civil servant officer

A civil servant is responsible for the law and order and general administration in the area under his work Typically the functions of an IAS officer are as follows:

 To handle the daily affairs of the government, including framing and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of the concerned ministry which requires supervision and proper enforcement at ground realities

In the process of policy formulation and decision making, when posted at central or state secretariat as Joint Secretary, Principal Secretary,  Additional  Secretary, Chief Secretary, Secretary and Cabinet Secretary at higher level contribute to the final shape of the policy and/or take a final decision with the concurrence of the minister concerned or the cabinet (depending on the gravity of the issue

To implement government policies at grass-root level when posted at field work i.e. as SDM, ADM, DM and Divisional Commissioner and act as intermediate between public and government by good execution and deliverance skills

Career Progression

Most IAS officers start their careers in the state administration at the sub-divisional level as a sub divisional magistrate. They are entrusted with the law and order situation of the city along with general administration and development work of the areas under their charge. They proceed to various posts in the State and Central Governments, and also local-self Governments  (Municpal Corporations / Zilla  Parishads ), and Public Sector Undertakings. They also occupy posts in regulatory organizations such as SEBI (on deputation, RBI (deemed to be resigned from IAS,  If appointed to Constitutional positions such as Election Commission of India or UPSC or statutory authorities such as Central or State Information Commissions, they are deemed to be retired from service. Some IAS officers are also deputed to private sector organizations under Rule 6(2)(ii) of the All India Service (Cadre)

IAS Exam structure

 This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main

* Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.

From the year 2013 onwards the Civil Services (Prelim) Exams shall serve as the Screening Test for both the Civil Services as well as the Indian Forest Service Examinations

* Candidates will be asked to exercise their option to either choose Civil Services or Indian Forest Service or both, as per their eligibility conditions

* Combined Prelim Exams for Civil Services & Indian Forest Service shall be held in the month of May every year.

Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main Examination

* Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main Examination (written part as well as interview) would determine their final ranking. Candidates will be allotted to the various Services keeping in view their ranks in the examination and the preferences expressed by them for the various Services and Posts.

* Mains (Written Examination) are held during the month of November/December.

Mains interview:

 * Candidates, who obtain such minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the Main Examination as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion, shall be summoned by them for interview for a Personality Test.

* Candidates who are selected in the Mains Written Examination will be eligible to appear before the Interview Board at New Delhi. It is usually held by the UPSC in March & April.

Prelims:

Paper I (General Studies) (200 marks) - Duration: Two Hours:

Current events of national and international importance

* History of India and Indian national movement

* Indian and World Geography- physical, social, economic geography of India and the world

* Indian Polity and governance – constitution, political system, panchayati raj, public policy, Rights issues, etc.

* Economic and social development – sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.

* General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and climate change-that do not require subject specialization

* General science..

Paper II (CSAT) (200 marks) – Duration: Two Hours:

 Paper II (CSAT) (200 marks) – Duration: Two Hours

* Comprehension

* Interpersonal skills including communication skills

* Logical reasoning and analytical ability

* Decision making and problem solving

* General mental ability

* Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc. (Class X level),Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. –Class X level)

* English language comprehension skills (Class X level)

Note 1: The questions will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions) with four alternatives for the answers to every question.

Note 2: For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (0.33%) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty except some of the questions where the negative marking will be inbuilt in the form of different marks being awarded to the most appropriate and not so appropriate answer for such questions.

Note 3: The Commission will draw a list of candidates to be qualified for Civil Service (Main) Examination based on the total qualifying marks as may be determined by the Commission, of the two papers put together.

Note 4: Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.

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II. Mains Written Examination:

The Mains Examination is held for those candidates who qualify the Prelims. Mains Exam pattern, as per the latest Notification, is as under;

Candidates may choose any one of the optional subjects from amongst the list given below;

Note 1: The question papers will be of conventional (essay) type

Note 2: Evaluation of the papers, namely, ‘Essay’, ‘General Studies’ and Optional Subject of all the candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of their qualifying papers on ‘Indian Languages’ and ‘English’ but the papers on ‘Essay’, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance of who attain such minimum standard as may be fixed by Commission at their discretion for the qualifying papers on ‘Indian Language’ and ‘English.

Note 3: If a candidate’s handwriting is not easily legible, a deduction will be made on this account from the total marks otherwise accruing to him

Note 4: Marks will not be allotted for mere superficial knowledge.

Note 5: Credit will be given for orderly, effective, and exact expression combined with due economy of words in all subjects of the examination

III. Mains Interview (Personality Test):

Interview weightage is 275 Marks. The score secured at Interview is added to candidate’s Mains written examination score for ranking.

(Ranking is based on score out of 2025 Marks)

Note 1: The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his career. He will be asked questions on matters of general interest.

Note 2: The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms this is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also social traits and his interest in current affairs

Note 3: Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.

Note 4: The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.

Note 5: The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own State or Country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth.