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The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) (Hindi: भारतीय प्रशासनिक सेवा) is the All India administrative civil service. IAS officers hold key and strategic positions in the Union Government, States governments and public-sector undertakings. Like in various countries(for example UK) following a Parliamentary system, IAS as the permanent bureaucracy in India forms an inseparable part of the executive branch of the Government of India, thus providing continuity and neutrality to the administration.
Along with the Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service, the IAS is one of the three All India Services — its cadre can be employed by both the Union Government and the individual States.
Upon confirming to service after probation as Sub-Divisional Magistrate, an IAS officer is given administrative command of entire district administration in the district as District collector after four years of service. On attaining the upper levels of Super Time Scale to Apex Scale, they can go on to head whole departments and subsequently entire Ministries of Governments of India and its states. IAS officers represent Government of India at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. On deputations they work at Intergovernmental organisations like World Bank and United Nations or its Agencies. IAS officers at various levels of administration play vital roles in conducting free, fair and smooth elections in India under the direction of Election Commission of India and states.
IAS officers are recruited from Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. They are also promoted from State Civil Services and selected from non-state civil service. Unlike candidates selected for other civil services, a person once appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or Indian Foreign Service (IFS ) becomes ineligible to reappear in Civil Services Examination, because, prior to 1979 a person to be eligible for IAS/IFS had to appear for additional papers but even after the UPSC civil services exam was made common, the status quo was maintained.
After getting selected, candidates undergo training at LBSNAA, Mussoorie for IAS.
Functions of the civil servant officer
A civil servant is responsible for the law and order and general administration in the area under his work Typically the functions of an IAS officer are as follows:
To handle the daily affairs of the government, including framing and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of the concerned ministry which requires supervision and proper enforcement at ground realities
In the process of policy formulation and decision making, when posted at central or state secretariat as Joint Secretary, Principal Secretary, Additional Secretary, Chief Secretary, Secretary and Cabinet Secretary at higher level contribute to the final shape of the policy and/or take a final decision with the concurrence of the minister concerned or the cabinet (depending on the gravity of the issue
To implement government policies at grass-root level when posted at field work i.e. as SDM, ADM, DM and Divisional Commissioner and act as intermediate between public and government by good execution and deliverance skills
Most IAS officers start their careers in the state administration at the sub-divisional level as a sub divisional magistrate. They are entrusted with the law and order situation of the city along with general administration and development work of the areas under their charge. They proceed to various posts in the State and Central Governments, and also local-self Governments (Municpal Corporations / Zilla Parishads ), and Public Sector Undertakings. They also occupy posts in regulatory organizations such as SEBI (on deputation, RBI (deemed to be resigned from IAS, If appointed to Constitutional positions such as Election Commission of India or UPSC or statutory authorities such as Central or State Information Commissions, they are deemed to be retired from service. Some IAS officers are also deputed to private sector organizations under Rule 6(2)(ii) of the All India Service (Cadre)
Course CurriculumTotal learning: 11 lessons Time: 10 week
11 lessons IAS