HAS Exam Syllabus And Pattern

HAS Exam Pattern

The HPPSC HPAS exam pattern for the Preliminary exam and Main written exam is quite different. The weight-age of marks, marking scheme, and the number of papers are different for each exam. The Preliminary exam will consist of objective-type questions, while the Main exam will have descriptive questions. The HPPSC HPAS exam pattern has been explained here in detail:

Preliminary Exam

  • The exam will have two papers of 200 marks each and a total of 400 marks.
  • Each paper will be 200 marks.
  • There will be a negative marking of ⅓ marks of the prescribed marks per question.
  • No deductions are done for unanswered questions.
HAS Exam Pattern (Preliminary Exam)
PaperSubject No. of QuestionsMarksDuration
1General Studies1002002 Hours
2Aptitude Test1002002 Hours
Total400 Marks

Main Written Exam

  • The Main exam will have 9 papers.
  • English (Paper-I) and Hindi (Paper-II) are of qualifying nature.
  • There will be a choice of optional subjects for the candidates.
  • The optional subject chosen will have two papers under it.
HAS Exam Pattern (Mains)
1English100 (Qualifying Only)3 Hours
2Hindi 100 (Qualifying Only)3 Hours
3Essay1003 Hours
4General Studies – I2003 Hours
5General Studies – II2003 Hours
6General Studies – III2003 Hours
7Optional Subject (Paper-I)1003 Hours
8Optional Subject (Paper-II)1003 Hours
Total900 Marks

Viva-Voce/ Personality Test

The last stage in the selection process is the Viva-Voce. The viva-voce is conducted for 150 marks by the Commission. Candidates should be aware of the local languages spoken in the state of Himachal Pradesh, Centric issues of the state, and other basic regional information. The final list of candidates selected for the HPAS post mainly depends on the Mains Exam and the Viva-Voce. 


The HPPSC HPAS selection process includes three stages. Stage one is the Preliminary exam, qualifying which candidates will proceed to the second stage, which is the main exam. Once the candidates qualify for the Prelims and Main exams, they will be called for the Interview/Viva-Voce round which is the third and final round of selection. The HPPSC HPAS syllabus for all the three stages of selection has been explained below:

Preliminary Examination

The HPPSC Prelims is a qualifying exam that candidates must pass in order to take the mains. The prelims for the HPPSC are divided into three sections: general studies, aptitude exam, and English. To appear for the HPPSC mains and interview round, students must pass the HPPSC prelims. The HPPSC preliminary exams are objective-based, with 100 questions in each subject and a total score of 200.

HPPSC HPAS Syllabus 2022 (Preliminary)
Paper-I: General StudiesHistory, Geography, political, art & culture, and socio-economic development of Himachal Pradesh.Current events of national and international importance.History of India and Indian national movement.Indian and World geography-physical, social, economic, the geography of India and the World.Indian polity and governance- constitution, political system, panchayat raj, public policy, right issues, etc.Economic and social development- sustainable development poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives, etc.General Science
Paper-II: Aptitude TestComprehension.Interpersonal skills including communication skills.Logical reasoning and analytical ability.Decision making and problem-solving general mental abilityBasic Numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.)English language comprehension skills

Main Written Examination

HAS Syllabus  (Mains)
EnglishGrammar (20 Marks)
Usage and Vocabulary (20 Marks)
Composition Letter /Application /Report /Note writing (20 Marks)
Comprehension of unseen passages (20 Marks)
Precis Writing (20 Marks)
Hindi in Devanagari ScriptTranslation of English passage into Hindi.
Translation of Hindi passage into English.
Explanation of Hindi passage in prose and poetry in the same language.
Composition (Idioms, corrections, etc.)
EssayCurrent Affairs
Socio-Political issues
Socio-Economic issues
Aspects of Culture and History
General Studies-IUnit 1: 
Sub Unit-I – Historical perspective of Indian Cultural Heritage
Literature and Art forms from ancient times to 1947(Major structural and rock-cut temple architecture, sculptural art, and major schools of paintings).
Modern Indian history from the mid-18th century to 1980.
Freedom Struggle: its various stages and the role of eminent personalities from different parts of India.

Sub Unit-2
Industrial Revolution and the emergence of Capitalism.
Fascist Ideology and its global implications.
World Wars and boundary settlements after the First and the Second World Wars.
Concept of Decolonization, Nationalism, Socialism, Globalization, and concept of Modernity.

Sub Unit-3

Emergence and growth of early medieval states: Kangra, Kullu, and Chamba. The Hill States and their relations with the Mughals and the Sikhs.

Gorkha invasion- its nature and consequences, Treaty of Sagauli.

The Hill States under Colonial power: Political and Administrative History. Grants, Sanads, and territorial aggression.

Social and Economic conditions under the colonial period with special reference to the social practices of Beth, Begar, and Reet.

Establishment of British Cantonments.

National Movement with special reference to Praja Mandal movements in Himachal Pradesh, 1848-1948.

Five Year Plans and vision for the developed Hill State.

Survey of artistic and cultural Heritage (Temples, Buddhist Monasteries, and Paintings). 

Sub Unit-1

Introduction to Disasters: Concepts, definitions, disaster classifications including natural and man-made disasters.

Social and Environmental impacts of disasters.

Disaster profile of the country.

Approaches to Disaster Risk Reductions.

Disaster management models. Roles and responsibilities of stakeholders including community, Concept of first responders.

Interrelationship of disaster and development.

Disaster management in India including the Disaster Management Act 2005, National and state policies, Plans and institutional mechanism in the country.

Sub Unit-2

Geographical Introduction to India, India as a unit of Geographical Study.

Aspects of the Physical Geography of India – Structure, Relief, Climate, Soils, and Vegetation, Geomorphic set up (Mountain Ranges and Rivers and other Water Bodies).

Human Aspects – Population distribution, Urban Population, Internal Migration.

Language and Literacy, Villages and Towns in India.

Settlements, Industry and Transport.

Sub Unit-3

Geography of Himachal Pradesh: Relief, Drainage, Vegetation cover, and types.

Climate and climatic zones in Himachal Pradesh.

Geographical Regions of Himachal Pradesh (Shiwalik, Doons, and Low Valleys, Outer Valleys of Sub Himalaya, Mid Hill Tracts of High Himalaya, High hills, and Valleys, and Inner Zones).

Human Aspects: Quantitative, Qualitative and Temporal characteristics of Population, Urbanization pattern.

Policies: Forest, Industrial, and Tourism Policies, Growth of Industrial areas and types of Industries in Himachal, Employment generation and potential, Scope of future Industrialization, Hazard Vulnerability and Risk Profile of Himachal Pradesh. 

Sub Unit-1

Salient features of Indian Society, Unity in Diversity.

Social Institutions: Family, Marriage, Kinship, Religion and Social stratification in India.

Women empowerment and social justice: Policies for women Empowerment in India, Laws for protection of women, women security and safety initiatives in India.

Child Rights and Right to Education.

Rights of differently-abled persons and quality of life for them.

Sub Unit-2

Core Values in public service/governance.

Philosophical basis of public service/governance and Integrity, Professionalism, Accountability.

Objectivity and transparency, information sharing and right to information, codes of conduct, work culture, challenges of corruption, and political pressures.

Gandhian Thought: Truth and Non-violence, Satyagraha, Ends and Means, Religion and Politics.

Sub Unit-3

Society and Culture in Himachal Pradesh: Culture, customs, fairs and festivals, and religious beliefs and practices, recreation and amusement.

Tribes of Himachal Pradesh: their historical, social, cultural, economic, and legal aspects.

Family, marriage, kinship, and caste system in Himachal Pradesh.
General Studies-IIUnit-I:
Sub Unit-1

Constitution of India: Historical underpinning, evolution, salient features.

Significant provisions including Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties.

Amending process and important Constitutional Amendments and theory of basic structure.

Sub Unit-2

Parliament and State legislatures, Structure, Organization and functioning of the Union and State Executive and the Judiciary.

Functions and responsibilities of Union and States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local level, and challenges therein. 

Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

Appointments to various constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various constitutional bodies in India. 

Sub Unit-3

Reorganization and politics of statehood.

Development of political parties, major Political parties, and their support base and performance in the Assembly and Parliamentary elections in Himachal Pradesh.

Politics of sub-regionalism and pressure groups in the State.

Structure, organization, and functioning of Statutory, Regulatory, and various Quasi-Judicial bodies in Himachal Pradesh. 

Sub Unit-1

Institutional framework, Policies and Interventions for development in various sectors in India.

Governance, Good governance, Citizen Charters, effective public service delivery, transparency, accountability, and ethics in governance in India.

District Administration: Changing role of Deputy Commissioner.Local self-government in urban and rural areas in India.

Sub Unit-2

Role of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs), and Civil Society in Governance in India.

Bodies constituted Policies, Programs, and Schemes for the welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Women, Minorities, Backward classes, Differently-abled persons, and children in India.

Issues relating to the quality of life: livelihood, poverty, hunger, disease, and social inclusiveness.

Sub Unit-3

Governance in Himachal Pradesh

The Himachal Pradesh Public Service Guarantee Act 2011;

Right to Information Act, 2005 and rules made thereunder by the Himachal Pradesh Government.

Administrative reforms for effective public service delivery in Himachal Pradesh.

Implementation of 73rd& 74th Constitutional amendments in Himachal Pradesh.

Issues and Challenges. Programs and policies for the welfare of differently-abled persons, women, and children in Himachal Pradesh.

Sub Unit-1

Bilateral, Regional, and Global groupings and agreements involving India and affecting India’s interests.

India’s look east policy.

India’s relations with the United States of America (U.S.A.), Russia, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal, Maldives, and Middle East Countries. 

Sub Unit-2

Effects of the policies of developed and developing countries on India’s interest, Indian Diaspora.

Important international Institutions, agencies, and fora, their structure and mandate.

Sub Unit-3

Cyber crime and drug menace – mechanism to detect and control it in Himachal Pradesh.

Enactments made by Himachal Pradesh Government to protect and promote the interests of agrarian society.

Various policies are framed by the Government of Himachal Pradesh for the socio-economic development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes of the State.

Tribal welfare administration, Tribal sub-plan, and Single-line administration in Himachal Pradesh.
General Studies-IIIUnit-I:
Sub Unit-1

Characteristics of the Indian Economy

Demographic Profile, Demographic Dividend, and Population Policy.

Sectoral Composition with respect to contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Employment.

Poverty and Inequality, Unemployment, Inflation in India.

Industrial Growth in India.

Regulatory framework for money and banking: Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Commercial banks and Regional Rural Banks.

Monetary policy, Foreign exchange, Balance of Payment Scenario.

Foreign Trade: Policy, Composition and Direction, Impact of Liberalization / Privatization and Globalization.

Sub Unit-2

Economic Planning in India.

Five Year Plans: strategies and outcomes, Public / Private / Joint Sectors.

Fiscal Policy, Fiscal Responsibility, and Budget Management Act, 2003, Debt and Investment in India: Current Status, Growth and Development experience including Natural Resource Management.

Sustainable development and Inclusive growth.

Measurement of economic development: Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI), Millennium Development Goals, Human Development Index (HDI) / Gender Development Index (GDI) / Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM).

Latest / Current Development Schemes / Initiatives / Institutional Changes (e.g. Swachh Bharat Mission, Make in India, Digital India, Skill India, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Ayog, etc.).

International Financial and Economic Organizations: International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Development Association (IDA), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Organization forEconomic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS).

Sub Unit-3

Economy of Himachal Pradesh

Demographic profile and Human resource, Sectoral distribution of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP).

Diversification in Agriculture and allied activities, Land tenure, and size of landholdings.

Industrialization in the state.

Skilled / Unskilled labour.

Revenue generation with special reference to hydro potential, tourism, flora, and fauna.

Cottage and Small Scale Industries.

Tax base, Pros, and Cons of Special Category status.

Appraisal of education, Health, Physical, and Financial Infrastructure Development.

Sub Unit-1

Applications of space technology in natural resources, development, and communications.

Important missions and programs of the Department of Space and Indian Space Research Organization.

Historical evolution of Indian Space Program. Lunar, interplanetary, and Earth Observation Missions.

Remote Sensing and Communication satellites. Applications of Remote sensing and Geographic Information systems (GIS) for natural resources monitoring and applications benefiting the common man.

Sub Unit-2

Developments in energy sectors such as Hydropower, non-conventional sources of energy, and nuclear energy including policies, programs, and research base in the country.

Concepts of non-conventional, renewable, clean, and environment-friendly energy sources. Role of energy in sustainable development.

Sub Unit-3

Modern and emerging technologies and initiatives in the State of Himachal Pradesh including biotechnology policy, research, vision, scope, and applications for developing horticulture, medicinal and aromatic plants resources of the State.

IT policy of Himachal Pradesh and its role in governance, concept of Himachal State Wide Area Network (HIMSWAN), State plans of e-governance, the concept of Lok Mitra Kendra, and Aryabhatta Geo-Informatics Space Application Centre (AGISAC).

State Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. Endangered and threatened species of Himachal Pradesh. Factors responsible for Biodiversity decline in Himachal Pradesh.

Relevance and role of Intellectual Property Rights, Geographical Indications, and Traditional wisdom and knowledge in the sustainable development of the State. 

Sub Unit-1

Issues, concerns, policies, program, conventions, treaties, and missions aimed at environment protection, and dealing with the problem of climate change.

State of environment reports. Environment protection and pollution control Act and rules.

Environment Impact Assessment.

National Action plans on Climate Change.

Himalayan ecology, biosphere reserve, Science and economics of climate change.

Social and ethical issues in the use of Biotechnology.

Sub Unit-2

Latest developments in science and technology for harnessing agriculture, horticulture, medicinal and herbal resources in the country. 

National mission for sustainable agriculture, the mission for integrated development of horticulture.

Concept of organic farming, seed certification, rainwater harvesting, techniques of irrigation and soil conservations, and soil health cards.

Sub Unit-3

Tourism policy, potential, and initiative in Himachal Pradesh.

Types of tourism: religious, adventure, heritage, important tourist destinations in Himachal Pradesh.

Social, Economic, and Cultural implications of Tourism. 

Concept of Eco-Tourism and green tourism and their role in the sustainable development of the State.

Environmental concerns of the tourism industry, both positive and negative effects including climate change with reference to Himachal Pradesh.
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